Human Rights

In 2007, ISHR-MS in cooperation with Russian and German Sections started implementation of a coalition project “Human Rights Observance in the Countries of Post-Soviet Space”. ISHR-Russian Section came out as initiators of the project.


Topicality and timeliness of the project is evident, as immediately after the collapse of the USSR 15 years ago the new independent states proclaimed as their aims forming of democratic society based on the priority of international standards in human rights observance, creating conditions for entering the community of developed democratic countries.


However, in reality some of the new states followed the path of frank authoritarianism; suffice it to remember Turkmenistan during Turkmen-bashi. Others managed to join the European Union in spite of all hardships and problems. The rest of them to the present day have not been able to create an effective system of democratic power transfer, to overcome corruption, to exclude using of power structures and judicial bodies in an effort to persecute and suppress political opponents.


Совет Европы, международные правозащитные организации в ходе  мониторингов соблюдения прав человека в новых независимых государствах постоянно отмечают факты несоблюдения международных стандартов при проведении избирательных кампаний, обеспечении прав человека, в том числе в сфере судопроизводства, игнорирование фактов применения пыток и иных незаконных методов воздействия при расследовании уголовных дел, плохие условия в местах заключения, факты дискриминации  по половому, возрастному, этническому принципам.


The Council of Europe, international human rights organizations while monitoring human rights observance in the new independent states, constantly point to the facts of non-compliance with international standards in conducting election campaigns, human rights ensuring, including legal procedure, neglect of the facts of torture application and other illegal methods of influence during criminal investigation, bad conditions in detention places, discrimination on sex, age, ethnic grounds.—-


Therefore the aim of this project is to make a complex analysis of situation regarding human rights ensuring in the countries of post-soviet space, generalization of achievements and failures in creating democratic civil society and state, development of recommendations for each country and international structures these countries are members of.


The project started with a press-conference that was held on 26 April 2007 in Chisinau. Dr Liubov Nemcinova, chairman of ISHR-MS, Vladimir Novitskii, president of ISHR-Russian Section, and Paul Strutzescu, president of NGO “League for Defence of Human Rights of Moldova” informed mass-media representatives about the projects and its objectives. They answered the journalists’ questions about the situation with human rights observance in Moldova.


On 31 May 2007, the international conference “Human Rights and Democratic Liberties in the Republic of Moldova: on the Way to Common European Values” was held in Berlin, Reichstag, the State Press-centre.



Representatives of international and Moldovan human rights defence organizations, European Parliament deputies, representatives of the OSCE, Council of Europe, UNO, diplomats, journalists took part in the conference.


During the conference, there were be considered issues regarding observance of political and civil rights in the Republic of Moldova, ensuring the liberty of information dissemination and independence of mass-media, work of judicial system and correspondence of detention conditions to international standards.


Reporters of the conference:

Karl Hafen Executive Director of German section of ISHR
Igor Korman Ambassador of Moldova to Germany
Raisa Apolschii  Director of the Centre for Human Rights of Moldova
Serghei Ostaf Executive Director of NGO “CReDO”
Lilia Pasat Wife of the political prisoner Valeriu Pasat, ex-Minister of Defence of the Republic of Moldova
Vitalii Nagacevschi President of NGO Lawyers for Human Rights”
Veaceslav Turcan Programme coordinator of NGO “Amnesty International Moldova”
Veaceslav Toncoglaz Ex-Deputy Director of the Department of Penitentiary

There was a press-conference held.

After the conference the representatives of Moldavian and Russian Sections Liubov Nemcinova, Diana Zinenco and Vladimir Novitskii had an informal meeting with Michail Gorbachiov, ex-president of the USSR.

Within the frames of this project the coalition of the International Society for Human Rights Sections is going to carry out international conferences on human rights in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Baltic countries, countries of Caucasian region, countries of Central Asiatic region.

Human rights violation is one of the major problems of penitentiary system in Moldova. Prison staff plays a significant role in human rights observance in places of detention. Much depends on their knowledge and awareness in fundamental rights, freedoms of individuals and the specific rights of prisoners.


ISHR-MS set a task to acquaint prison staff with fundamental laws and freedoms of individuals, to show importance of their protection and respect, to raise awareness among prison staff on their role in the protection and observance of human rights and human dignity in daily work, to inform prison staff about special needs of women and minors as vulnerable groups of detainees.


During the period May – October 2004, ISHR-MS designed and carried out 2-day trainings in 4 Moldovan penitentiary institutions:

  • P-7 (penitentiary for women and girls) , com. Rusca
  • Correctional Colony nr. 3 (penitentiary for women and men) , city Leova
  • Educational Colony for minors, city Lipcani
  • P-12 (penitentiary for women and men), city Tighina

 


Training material was discussed with representatives of the Department of Penitentiary Institutions at the round table.


 



 


  Training for prison staff “Human Rights and Vulnerable Groups of Detainees” included brief lectures, video materials, group exercises, discussions on human rights and freedoms in general and the rights of women and minors as vulnerable groups of detainees.

For the first time in the Republic of Moldova 5 NGOs formed a consortium to promote the European standards of rule of law, human rights and humane conditions in the places of detention. The project “Promoting the Implementation of European Standards of Rule of Law, Human Rights and Human Conditions in Places of Detention of the Republic of Moldova” lasted for 3 years (December 2001 – December 2004). It was financially supported by the European Commission. Our partners in this project were: CReDO, LADOM, MHC and SIEDO.


The project aimed at building up places of detention staff awareness and skills of European human rights detention standards, ensuring detention procedural guarantees and access to justice in detention, facilitating social and psychological rehabilitation redress for detainees.


ISHR-MS specialists rendered social and psychological assistance to the condemned women, teenagers and men (in penitentiary for women P-7, com. Rusca; Educational Penitentiary for minors, city Lipcani; penitentiary for men P-4, city Cricova), and to their families.


We organized visits of relatives to detainees, cultural and sport events in penitentiaries.


 


 


 



ISHR-MS set up psychological consulting rooms in three penitentiaries. They were equipped with audio and video facilities.


Our organization hold 2 republican seminars “The rights and the problems of children without parents care”, “The rights and the problems of children in conflict with law”.


 


We issued brochures “Help your child and yourself” (2 editions) and “Defend your rights and the rights of your children”.


    

ISHR-MS regularly organizes meetings of children with their detained mothers in penitentiary P-7, Rusca.


These children are from poor families or they live in children’s homes, boarding schools, and this is the only chance for them to see their mothers.


With financial support of KNCV in 2004 ISHR-MS made reconstructions in Visitor’s Centre in the prison for women. ISHR-MS installed heating, water supply and sewage systems, bought furniture.


At present Visitor’s Centre includes 4 visit rooms, a hall, an equipped kitchen, a toilet, a shower-bath and a children’s room.


Meetings of children with their mothers can now take place in nice and comfortable conditions. In the pictures below you can see the conditions before the reparation and after it.

before

after

before

after

The International Society for Human Rights – Moldavian Section actively strives for improvement of conditions in the places of detention and observance of detention rules and standards for women, pregnant women and mothers with infants.


With the aim to promote improvement of the detention conditions for the condemned women, as well as realization of their rights for special care and assistance during pregnancy, childbirth and staying of children with mothers, in July 2005 – April 2006 the ISHR-MS held monitoring of the rights of women prisoners in P-7 (village Rusca), the only prison for women in the Republic of Moldova.


The research was carried out by means of anonymous questioning and interviewing both   women prisoners and prison collaborators. There were investigated detention conditions, possibility of the condemned women to enjoy the right for special care and assistance during pregnancy, childbirth and staying of children with mothers.


The research results were published in a report in Russian and English languages which was sent to the state authorities, international organizations, representatives of mass-media.


 


The monitoring results were discussed at a round table with collaborators of the Department of Penitentiary Institutions of the Ministry of Justice. A press-conference was held with the aim to present the results of the research.


Round table with collaborators of the Department of Penitentiary Institutions

Monitoring team

Questioning of women prisoners in P-7

Press-conference on the results of monitoring

In February and October 2004 within the frames of the project “Overcoming of Stigma, Discrimination and Stereotypes with respect to HIV-infected Detainees, Elimination of their Social Isolation in Prisons”, the ISHR-MS held two-phase monitoring “Evaluation of the HIV positive detainees’ knowledge of their rights” in 4 penitentiary institutions in Moldova where more than 65% of HIV/AIDS detainees are kept. They were: P-6, Soroca; P-18, Branesti; P-7, Rusca; P-4, Cricova.


On the results of the monitoring with the aim to increase the level of HIV positive detainees’ knowledge, a brochure “HIV/AIDS and the rights of prisoners” was designed and published.


The brochure explains legal status of HIV positive detainees, basing on the legislation of the Republic of Moldova. It was distributed among detainees.


Detainees benefited also from seminars on human rights and the rights of HIV positive detainees.  

We informed the society about our activities at the celebration of Europe Day. During the event, our activities were presented to Moldovan authorities, journalists, NGOs, public.

 

Liubov Nemcinova (ISHR-MS chairman) and Vlad Filat (Prime-Minister) at the Europe Day

Participants of the lottery „Do you know human rights?” at the Europe Day

In order to attract attention of the visitors, a lottery for children „Do you know human rights?” was held. There were discussions held about opportunities of creation of partnerships among local public authorities and Moldovan NGOs for the purpose of poverty reduction, about the problems of detainees and former detainees. All comers got informational materials about the project.

In 2010, we organized and carried out 6 visits of children to their imprisoned mothers in P-7, village Rusca.

 


Children from poor families, boarding schools, centers for rehabilitation and children homes of family type took part in the visits. They were accompanied by relatives, social assistants, educators. 60 persons participated in the visits.

The visitors were taken to the prison by bus. Children got food sets and could make a present to their mothers.

The meeting of children with their mothers was full of happiness and, at the same time, of pain because of their situation. Some children did not have the chance to see their mothers for 10 months, other – for 3 years.


Finally they had the opportunity to talk to mothers about their life, problems and expectations.

During the visits, pictures were taken and photos were printed afterwards for all participants of the visit. Children wrote to our organization letters of gratitude: “… I am grateful to you, because the first time, after 3 years, I could see my mom…”, “… thank you for the pictures with mommy and my baby sister, I am waiting them to come home and have a family again…”.


 

Visits of children and relatives to the imprisoned women

 

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr.htm

Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/ccpr-one.htm

Convention on the Rights of the Child

http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/pdf/crc.pdf